Medical Words A to C → Definition and Meaning
Browse the below word's index to fully understand the definition and meaning of some of the medical as well as non-medical words that you may come across to on this site.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X-Y-Z
A - click the word of your interest to know its definition and medical meaning
Abscess * Abrasion * Acid Reflux Disease
Acupuncture * Acute Disease / Illness * Adaptation * Adenoids
Adhesins * Adrenal Glands * Airsickness * Airways * Alien * Alkaloid
Allergen * Allergic * Allergy * Allopath * Allopathic Medicine / Drug
Allopathy * Alternative Medicine * Alzheimer's Disease * Amelioration
Anal Fissure * Anaphylaxis * Anaplasia * Anemia * Antibiotic * Antibody
Antigen * Antioxidant * Antipsychotic * Anus * Appendicitis * Appendix
Apprehension * Arboviral Encephalitis * Arteriole * Arthritis
Ascites * Aura * Autism * Autoimmune Disease
Definition or meaning of: Abscess - Abscessed
An abscess means localized collection of pus formed as the product of inflammation and usually caused by bacteria.
Abscessed means infected and filled with pus; "an abscessed tooth".
Definition or meaning of: Abrasion
The process of scraping or wearing away.
Definition or meaning of: Acid Reflux Disease
Acid reflux disease, also known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a chronic symptom of mucosal (of or relating to mucous membranes) damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the food pipe or esophagus.
Definition or meaning of: Acupuncture
The acupuncture is a system of complementary medicine in which thin needles are pierced into the body to reduce pains and to treat all kinds of physical, mental, and emotional health conditions. Originating in ancient China, acupuncture is now widely practiced in many parts of the world as an alternative medical system of treatment.
Definition or meaning of: Acute / Chronic Disease / Illness
Acute (of disease) means brief and severe. An acute illness or disease means a disease with rapid onset and/or a short course.
Chronic (of disease) means continuing a long time or recurring frequently. A chronic disease means a disease or an illness where its effects persist for the period of more than three months.
Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of Homeopathy, described the different aspects of 'acute' and 'chronic' diseases as:
Acute diseases are transitory (not permanent), they have a beginning and an end, whereas the chronic diseases are co-existent with life. Chronic diseases are either present in a manifest (clear and obvious to the eye or mind) or a latent (existing but hidden or concealed) state.
Definition or meaning of: Adaptation
1. Any beneficial alteration in an organism resulting from natural selection by which the organism survives and multiplies in its environment.
2. A form or structure modified to fit a changed environment.
Definition or meaning of: Adenoids
A mass of enlarged lymphatic tissue that forms a soft mound between the back of nose and the throat that often causes hindered speaking and breathing in young children.
Definition or meaning of: Adhesins
The adhesins are cell-surface components or appendages of bacteria that facilitate adhesion or adherence to other cells or to surfaces.
Definition or meaning of: Adrenal Glands
In mammals, the adrenal glands are endocrine glands that sit at the top of the kidneys; in humans; the shape of the right adrenal gland being triangular and that of the left being semilunar.
Definition or meaning of: Airsickness
An airsickness means nausea, vomiting, or the dizziness induced by the motion that occurs during air flight.
Definition and medical meaning of: Airways
The medical meaning of airways refers to the area in the throat through which air passes to and from the lungs.
Definition and medical meaning of: Alien
Not familiar or like other things you have known; different from what you are used to.
Definition and medical meaning of: Alkaloid
Any of a class of nitrogenous (containing nitrogen in chemical combination) organic compounds of plant origin that have pronounced physiological actions on human body, including drugs like morphine and quinine and poisons like atropine and strychnine.
Definition or meaning of: Allergen
The substance that cause allergic reaction.
Definition or meaning of: Allergic
Caused by or relating to an allergy.
Definition or meaning of: Allergy
The allergy is a damaging immune response by the body to histamine-like substances to which it has become hypersensitive.
Definition or meaning of: Allopath
An allopath is a person who practices or is skilled in conventional medical treatment called Allopathy. The medicines used or prescribed by an allopath are called conventional Allopathic Medicines.
Definition or meaning of: Allopathic Medicine / Drug
Allopathic medicines and Allopathy are the medical terms coined in the early 19th century by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, as a synonym for mainstream drug or medicine and its system (English) of treatment.
Definition or meaning of: Allopathy
The Allopathy is another word for conventional English system of medical treatment.
Definition or meaning of: Alternative Medicine
Alternative medicine refers to any of a range of medical therapies that are not regarded as orthodox by the conventional medical profession, such as herbalism, homeopathy, and acupuncture.
Definition or meaning of: Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain.
It is the most common cause of premature senility (mental and physical deterioration associated with aging).
Definition and medical meaning of: Amelioration
The amelioration is an act of relieving ills and changing for the better; an improvement.
Definition or meaning of: Anal Fissure
Anal Fissure, also called Rectal fissure, is a break or tear in the skin of the anal canal.
Definition or meaning of: Anaphylaxis
The anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset (within seconds or minutes) and may cause death. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening health condition and hence a Medical Emergency.
Anaphylaxis can occur any time in response to any allergen. It typically causes a number of symptoms including an itchy rash, throat swelling, and low blood pressure.
Definition or meaning of: Anaplasia
The anaplasia is a reversion of differentiation in cells and is characteristic of malignant neoplasm (tumor).
Definition or meaning of: Anemia - Anemic
Anemia is a health condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues.
Anemic means suffering from anemia.
Definition or meaning of: Antibiotic
An antibiotic is a kind of an English medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms.
Definition or meaning of: Antibody
A blood protein produced in response to and counter acting a specific toxic foreign substance. Antibodies get chemically mixed with substances that the body recognizes as alien.
Definition or meaning of: Antigen
A toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body, especially the production of antibodies.
Definition or meaning of: Antioxidant
The antioxidant means:
1. A substance that inhibits oxidation, especially one used to counteract the deterioration of stored food products.
2. A substance that is added to food and other products to prevent harmful chemical reactions in which oxygen is combined with other substances.
Definition or meaning of: Antipsychotic
Preventing or treating psychosis.
Psychosis refers to any form of severe mental disorder in which the individual's contact with reality becomes highly distorted.
Definition or meaning of: Anus - Anal
Anus is the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body.
Anal means involving, relating to, or situated near the anus.
Definition or meaning of: Appendicitis
The appendicitis is a medical emergency characterized by inflammation of the appendix, many cases of which require removal of the inflamed appendix.
Definition or meaning of: Appendix
A tube-shaped sac attached to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals is called appendix. When appendix is inflamed, the condition is called appendicitis, a condition of medical emergency, many cases of which require removal of the inflamed appendix.
Definition and medical meaning of: Apprehension
The apprehension means an anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Definition and medical meaning of: Arboviral Encephalitis
Arboviral encephalitis is a serious inflammation of the brain caused by infection with an arbovirus, a virus transmitted by a mosquito, tick, or another arthropod such as insect of spider.
Many types of arboviral encephalitis occur throughout the world.
There is no cure for arboviral encephalitis, because antibiotics are not effective for the treatment of viral infections and no antiviral drugs have yet been discovered for arboviruses.
Definition or meaning of: Arteriole
The arteriole is a small branch of an artery leading into capillaries.
Definition or meaning of: Arthritis - Arthritic
Arthritis refers to painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.
Arthritic means affected with arthritis. Example: "arthritic pains".
Definition or meaning of: Ascites
The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling.
Definition or meaning of: Aura
• Any invisible emanation, especially a scent or odor.
• The distinctive atmosphere or quality that seems to surround and be generated by a person, thing, or place.
Definition or meaning of: Autism
The autism is a mental condition present from early childhood (first 3 years of life), characterized by difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts.
Definition or meaning of: Autoimmune Disease
Any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues.
B - click the word of your interest to know its definition and medical meaning
Bacteria * Benign * Benzene * Biomedicine * Blackhead * Bladder
Bladder Incontinence * Blister * Blotch * BMI or Body Mass Index * Bone Cancer
Bone Marrow * Booster Shot * Bow Legs * Bowel Incontinence * Bowel Obstruction
Breast Cancer * Bright's Disease * Bulimia * Bursa
Definition or meaning of: Bacteria (Bacterium) - Bacterial
Bacteria (plural of Bacterium), usually single-celled microscopic living organisms can be seen everywhere. They can be dangerous also when they cause infection but can be beneficial also like in fermentation process (such as in wine) and that of decomposition.
Bacterial means relating to or caused by bacteria.
Definition or meaning of: Benign
The benign means non-malignant or non-cancerous and harmless.
Definition or meaning of: Benzene
A colorless volatile liquid hydrocarbon present in coal tar and petroleum, used in chemical synthesis.
Definition or meaning of: Biomedicine
The branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice.
Definition or meaning of: Blackhead
The blackheads are tiny, dark spots on the skin. They are caused by a small plug in the opening of a follicle (pore).
Definition or meaning of: Bladder
The bladder is a sac-shaped muscular organ that stores the urine secreted by the kidneys.
Definition or meaning of: Bladder Incontinence
Bladder incontinence, also called urinary incontinence, happens when you are not able to keep urine from leaking out of your urethra. You may leak urine from time to time, or you may not be able to hold any urine.
Definition or meaning of: Blister - Blistered - Blistering
A blister is a small pocket, often filled with clear fluid called serum or plasma.
However, some blisters may be filled with blood also (known as blood blisters) or with pus (if they become infected).
Blistered means to cause a blister to form on.
Blistering means producing a blister or blisters.
Definition and medical meaning of: Bloch
Blotch is a discolored, large, irregular spot or stain on the skin; a blemish on the skin.
Definition and medical meaning of: BMI or Body Mass Index
BMI is a measure of weight relative to height and is commonly used to classify "Underweight" (BMI below 18.5), "Normal" (BMI 18.5 to 24.9), "Overweight" (BMI 25 to 29.9), and "Obese" (BMI of over 30) in adult men and women. It is defined as the weight in Kg divided by the square of the height in meters. e.g., an adult weighing 52 kg with 1.67 meters of height will have a BMI of 18.65.
Definition or meaning of: Bone Cancer
The cancer forming in the bone-cells is medically known as the primary bone cancer, such as the Chondrosarcoma, and the Ewing Sarcoma, and the Osteosarcoma, and the Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (a tumor consisting of an animal cell called 'Histiocyte"). The cancer spreading to the bone from another part of the body is called secondary bone cancer (such as prostate, breast, or lung).
Definition or meaning of: Bone Marrow
The soft, fatty, vascular tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of red blood cells and many white blood cells.
Definition or meaning of: Booster Shot or Dose
Booster shot means an additional dose of an immunizing agent, such as a vaccine or toxoid, given at a time after the initial dose to sustain the immune response elicited by the previous dose of the same agent. Also called booster dose.
Definition or meaning of: Bow Legs
Bow legs is a condition in which the legs curve outwards like a bow between the ankle and the thigh.
Definition or meaning of: Bowel Incontinence
The loss of bowel control leading to an involuntary stool passage is medically known as Bowel Incontinence; which can range from an occasional leakage of a small amount of stool and passing gas, to completely losing control of bowel movements.
Definition or meaning of: Bowel Obstruction
Bowel obstruction, also called intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines, preventing the normal transit of the products of digestion.
Definition or meaning of: Breast Cancer
A type of cancer that originates from the tissue of the breast, mostly from the inner-lining of milk-ducts or from the lobules that supply milk to the ducts.
Definition or meaning of: Bright's Disease
Is a disease involving chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
Definition or meaning of: Bulimia
The bulimia is insatiable overeating as a medical condition, in particular.
Definition or meaning of: Bursa
Bursa is a fluid-filled sacsituated in places in your body tissues where friction would otherwise occur. It functions to facilitate the gliding of muscles or tendons over bony or ligamentous surfaces. They are numerous and are found throughout the body, the most important are located at the shoulder, elbow, knee, and hip. Inflammation of a bursa is known as bursitis.
C - click the word of your interest to know its definition and medical meaning
Cancer * Cancer Metastasis * Capillary * Cardiac Dropsy
Cardiology * Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) * Cardiovascular
Cardiovascular Disease * Caries * Carotid Arteries * Carotid Artery Disease
Cartilage * Catalyst * Catarrh * Catastrophe * Catheter * Cavity
Cecum * Cervical Cancer * Cervix * Celiac Disease * Cellulitis * Chemotherapy
Childhood Obesity * Chinese Medicine (Traditional) * Cholesterol * Chondrosarcoma
Chromosomes * Chronic Disease * Circulation * Cloaca * Cluster Headache
Cognition - Cognitive * Cold Sore * Colon * Colon Cancer * Coma * Congenital Syphilis
Contact Dermatitis * Contagious * Contaminate - Contaminants * Conventional
Conventional Medicine * Conversion Disorder * Convulsion * Cool or Cold Compress
Corneal Ulcer * Coronary Artery Disease * Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) * Coryza
Cramp * Crohn's Disease * Crude Material * Crusta Lactea * Cyst
Definition of: Cancer - Cancerous (malignant) / Non-cancerous(benign)
Cancer is a broad group of diseases which involves entirely un-controlled growth of cells that divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, and spreading to nearby body-parts; sometimes invading the more distant parts of the body through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. Not all tumors are cancerous; benign (non-malignant) tumors do not invade neighboring tissues and do not spread all through the body. More than 200 different types of cancers are known to affect humans. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start; that is why cancer that begins in the colon is medically known as colon cancer, and cancer that originates from woman's breast tissue is medically termed as breast cancer.
Cancerous, also called malignant, means relating to or affected with cancer; "a cancerous growth".
Non-cancerous, also called benign, means not affected with or being cancer; "noncancerous patients or noncancerous tumors".
Definition or meaning of: Cancer Metastasis
The metastasis, or metastatic disease, is the spread of a cancer from one organ or part to another non-adjacent organ or part.
Definition or meaning of: Capillary - Capillaries
1. any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and the venules.
2. a tube that has an internal diameter of hair-like thinness.
Definition or meaning of: Cardiac Dropsy
Edema due to heart failure.
Definition or meaning of: Cardiology - Cardiologist
Cardiology is the branch of medicine that deals with diseases and abnormalities of the heart.
Cardiologist means an specialist in cardiology; an specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart.
Definition or meaning of: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is an emergency procedure in which the heart and lungs are made to work by manually compressing the chest overlying the heart and forcing air into the lungs. The procedure is used to maintain the circulation when the heart stops pumping, usually because of disease, drugs, or trauma.
CPR is short name for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Definition or meaning of: Cardiovascular
Of or relating to the heart and blood vessels.
Definition or meaning of: Cardiovascular Disease - Heart Disease
Cardiovascular disease is a group of diseases that adversely affects the normal functions of the heart, the blood vessels (arteries, capillaries, and veins) or both. It is also known as heart disease.
Definition or meaning of: Caries
A progressive destruction of bone or tooth, especially tooth decay.
Definition or meaning of: Carotid Arteries
You have two common carotid arteries, each divided into internal and external carotid arteries, one on each side of the neck. The one that supplies the blood rich in oxygen to the brain is called internal carotid arteries and the one that supplies richly oxygenated blood to the face, the scalp and the neck is called external carotid arteries.
Definition or meaning of: Carotid Artery Disease
There are two common carotid arteries, sitting on each side of your neck and when these are filled with a wax-like substance called plaque, it is called Carotid Artery Disease, which is a very serious condition because it can cause a stroke, also called a "brain attack".
Definition or meaning of: Cartilage
The cartilage is the tough but flexible tissue that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the body joints. Injured, inflamed, or damaged cartilage not only causes symptoms of pain but it restricts and limits all your body movements. It can also cause permanent structural deviation of the affected joint, as in Osteoarthritis.
Definition or meaning of: Catalyst
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change.
Definition or meaning of: Catarrh - Catarrhal
Excessive discharge or buildup of mucus in the nose or throat, associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane.
Catarrhal means of or relating to a catarrh; "catarrhal fever".
Definition or meaning of: Catastrophe
The catastrophe refers to any of a horrible events, an event causing great and often sudden damage or suffering; an extremely large scale disaster.
Definition or meaning of: Catheter
A flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into the body cavity, particularly the bladder, for removing fluid.
Definition or meaning of: Cavity
An area of decay in a tooth: Caries.
An empty space within a solid object, in particular the human body.
Definition or meaning of: Cecum
The cecum is a pouch that is connected to the junction of the small and the large intestines.
Definition or meaning of: Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm arising from cells originating in the cervix and an abnormal vaginal bleeding is its most common leading symptom. However, in some cases there may be no obvious symptoms until the cancer has progressed to an advanced stage.
Definition or meaning of: Cervix
• The narrow neck-like passage forming the lower end of the uterus.
• A part of other bodily organs resembling a neck.
Definition or meaning of: Celiac Disease
A disease in which the small intestine is hypersensitive to gluten, leading to difficulty in digesting food.
Definition or meaning of: Cellulitis
The cellulitis is a common, potentially serious skin infection caused by the bacteria. It appears as swollen, red skin-area that feels hot and tender and it may spread rapidly.
Definition or meaning of: Chemotherapy
The treatment of disease by the use of chemical substances, especially the treatment of cancer by the cytotoxic (toxic to living cells) and other drugs.
Definition and meaning of: Childhood Obesity
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing. Due to rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern.
Definition and meaning of: Chinese Medicine (Traditional Chinese Medicine)
Chinese medicine, also called traditional Chinese medicine, is a broad range of medicine practices sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based on a tradition of over 5,000 years, that includes many different forms of herbal medicine, the acupuncture, medicine, the massage, the dietary therapy, and also the exercise.
Definition or meaning of: Cholesterol
The cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance, called plaque, that occurs naturally in all our body parts. Although our body do need some cholesterol for its normal functioning, too much of cholesterol in our blood can combine with the other substances in the blood and stick to the walls of the arteries and narrow them or block them.
High cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease.
Definition or meaning of: Chondrosarcoma
The chondrosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of the cartilage cells.
Definition or meaning of: Chromosomes
A thread like structure of nucleic (nucleus of something) acids and protein found in the nucleus of most of the living cells, that carry genetic information in the form of genes.
Definition and medical meaning of: Circulation - Circulatory
Medical meaning of circulation means movement in a circle of oxygenated blood through the arteries to the body capillaries, thereby nourishing the tissues and then the return of oxygen-depleted blood through the veins to the heart, where the cycle is renewed. Poor circulation affects the body skin and skin tone.
Circulatory means of or relating to circulation of blood through the body.
Definition or meaning of: Cloaca
A - The common cavity into which the intestinal, genital, and urinary tracts open in vertebrates such as fish, reptiles, birds, and some primitive mammals.
B - The posterior part of the intestinal tract in various invertebrates.
Definition or meaning of: Cluster Headache
A type of severe headache that tends to recur over a period of several weeks and in which the pain is usually limited to one side of the head.
Definition or meaning of: Cognition - Cognitive
Cognition is the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
Definition or meaning of: Cold Sore
Cold sore, also called fever blister, is an inflamed blister in or near the mouth, caused by infection with herpes simplex virus.
Definition or meaning of: Colon
The colon is the section of the large intestine extending from the cecum up to the rectum.
Definition or meaning of: Colon Cancer
Colon cancer is a cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon. Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids).
Definition and medical meaning of: Coma
The coma is a state of deep sleep, a prolonged state of unconsciousness, in which the affected person is unable to react or respond to any kind of stimulation or pain. He is alive but looks like in deep sleep.
Definition and medical meaning of: Congenital Syphilis
Congenital syphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacterium spirochete "Treponema Pallidum" (a spirally twisted bacterium) acquired by the fetus in the uterus before birth. Symptoms of this disease may not become apparent until several weeks or months after birth and, in some cases, may take years to appear.
While the signs and symptoms of congenital syphilis that often appear initially include characteristic skin lesions, intellectual disability, and pseudo-paralysis (Parrot atrophy of newborn) etc. to name a few, the signs and symptoms often appearing later are gummatous ulcers, optic atrophy, interstitial keratitis, sensorineural deafness, and dental deformities.
Definition or meaning of: Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen.
Definition or meaning of: Contagious / Non-contagious
Contagious means capable of being transmitted by direct or indirect contact, as an infectious disease.
1. (of a disease or other infection) not transmissible through contact.
2. (of a person) not a carrier of a contagious disease or condition.
Definition or meaning of: Contaminate - Contamination - Contaminants
Contaminate means making something impure or un-healthy by exposing it to a poisonous or polluting substance.
Contamination is the state of being contaminated.
Contaminants means something that makes a place or a substance impure and not usable.
Definition and meaning of: Conventional
Based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.
Definition and medical meaning of: Conventional Medicine
Conventional medicine is mainstream medicine in USA. It involves regular medical doctors, pharmaceuticals, and general medical practices such as cardiology, gastroenterology, psychiatry, etc. The mainstream system of conventional line of treatment is also known as allopathy, its practitioners as allopath, and its medicines as Allopathic Medicines or English medicines.
Definition or meaning of: Conversion Disorder
A conversion disorder is a neurological disorder that affects person's movements and senses and the patient starts to suffer from inexplicable symptoms which may include numbness of the body parts, blindness, paralysis, or fits without a definable organic cause. It is thought that symptoms arise in response to stressful situations affecting a patient's mental health.
Definition or meaning of: Convulsion - Convulsive
Convulsion: A sudden, violent, irregular movement of a limb or of the body, caused by involuntary contraction of muscles and associated especially with certain seizure disorders.
Convulsive: Producing or consisting of convulsions.
Definition or meaning of: Corneal Ulcer
Corneal ulcer, also called ulcerative keratitis, is an open sore in the outer layer of the cornea, often caused by infection.
Definition or meaning of: Coronary Artery Disease
See Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).
Medical meaning of: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
Coronary heart disease or CHD is a narrowing of the small blood vessels (coronary arteries) through which the heart receives its necessary supplies of oxygen and the blood.
CHD is the leading cause of death in the United States for men and women.
Coronary heart disease is generally caused by atherosclerosis, - when plaque (cholesterol substance) accumulates on the artery walls, causing them to narrow, resulting in less blood flow to the heart. This may also be called hardening of the arteries.
Symptoms of heart disease may be very noticeable, but sometimes you may have the disease without any apparent symptoms, particularly in its early stage.
Chest pain or discomfort (angina) is the most common symptom. How bad the pain is varies from person to person.
• It may feel heavy or you may have the feeling of squeezed heart under your sternum, neck, arms, stomach, or upper back.
• The pain usually occurs with activity or emotion, and goes away with rest or a medicine called nitroglycerin.
• Other symptoms include shortness of breath, and fatigue with exertion.
Women, elderly people, and people with diabetes are more likely to have symptoms other than chest pain, such as:
• Shortness of breath
• General weakness
A risk factor for heart disease is something that increases your chance of getting it. Some of the risk factors for heart disease CANNOT be changed, such as:
• Your age. The risk of heart disease increases with age.
• Your gender. Men have a higher risk of getting heart disease than women who are still menstruating. After menopause, the risk for women also increases.
• Your genes or race. If your parents had heart disease, you are at higher risk.
The risk factors for heart disease that you CAN change are:
• Not smoking. If you are smoking, stop it.
• Controlling your cholesterol through diet, exercise, and medicines, if needed.
• Exercising at least 30 minutes a day.
• Eat less, eat well balanced healthy diet and avoid being overweight.
• Learning healthy ways to cope with stress through special programs like yoga or things like meditation.
• Limiting alcohol intake.
Good nutrition is important to your heart health and will help control some of your risk factors.
• Choose a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
• Choose lean proteins, such as chicken, fish, beans, and legumes
• Choose low-fat dairy products, such as 1% milk and other low-fat items
• Avoid sodium (salt) and fats found in fried foods, processed foods and baked items
• Eat fewer animal products that contain cheese, cream, or eggs
• Stay away from "saturated fat" and anything that contains "partially hydrogenated" or "hydrogenated" fats, as these products are usually loaded with unhealthy fats
Seek emergency medical care if you have heart-disease symptoms, such as:
• Chest pain
• Shortness of breath
Treatment options for heart disease vary. You may need lifestyle changes, medication, surgery, or other medical procedures as part of your treatment.
Healthy lifestyle is the key to prevent yourself from becoming a victim of CHD or any other cardiovascular disease.
Definition or meaning of: Coryza
The coryza is a word describing the symptoms of a "cold". It describes the inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the nasal cavity which usually gives rise to the symptoms of nasal congestion and loss of smell, among other symptoms.
Definition and medical meaning of: Cramp - Cramped - Cramping
A painful, involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles, typically caused by fatigue or strain.
Cramped or cramping means to suffer from or experiencing cramps.
Definition or meaning of: Crohn's Disease
Crohn's disease involves inflammation of the small intestine in particular, that causes swelling, redness and loss of normal function.
There is evidence that the inflammation is caused by various products of the immune system that attack the body itself instead of helpfully attacking a foreign invader such as a virus or bacteria.
Definition or meaning of: Crude Material or Substance
Material or substance that is still in its natural state; in raw state; not yet refined or processed.
Definition or meaning of: Crusta Lactea
Crusta lactea refers to vesicular eczema occurring on the face and scalp of nursing infants.
Definition or meaning of: Cyst
A cyst is a non-malignant closed sac of tissue that may be filled with fluid or pus or other materials. Sometime it may resolve on its own. Whether a cyst that fails to resolve may need to be removed by surgery will depend on what type of cyst it is and where in the body it has formed.